The Origins of Laruelle's Non-Philosophy in Ravaisson's Understanding of Metaphysics

Vincent Le


Laruelle's first book Phenomenon and Difference: An Essay on Ravaisson's Ontology (1971) is unanimously overlooked as having little relevance to his later non-philosophy. On the contrary, this paper analyses Laruelle's dissertation and Ravaisson's writings to show how Ravaisson enables Laruelle to develop non-philosophy's three central ideas of decision, radical immanence, and cloning. Firstly, Laruelle inherits Ravaisson's critique of Platonism and anti-Platonism as dividing the unity of being between two terms, of which one alone is conflated with being to the detriment of the other as non-being. Moreover, Laruelle follows Ravaisson's third way of envisioning being as a radical immanence, which philosophy presupposes to constitute its dualisms by dividing being into opposed terms. Finally, Laruelle's cloning adheres to Ravaisson's eclectic method of expressing being's true immanence through his cohering of all philosophies, as well as disciplines like art and religion, into a single narrative of one and the same being's self-unfolding. 


François Laruelle, Ravaisson, metaphysics, ontology

Full Text:



Bergson, Henri. "Notice sur la vie et les oeuvres de Felix Ravaisson-Mollien." L'Académie des Sciences morales et politiques. 2011. Web. 8 February 2017.


Boutroux, Emile. "Philosophie de Ravaisson." Revue de métaphysique de morale. Vol. 8, Nr. 6 (1900): 699-716.

Brassier, Ray. Nihil Unbound: Enlightenment and Extinction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Courtine, Jean-François. "Les Relations de Ravaisson et de Schelling." La réception de la philoso-phie allemande en France au xixe et au xxe siècles. Ed. Jean Quillien. Lille: Presses Universi-taires du Septentrion, 1994, 111-134.

Gangle, Rocco and Julius Greve (eds.). Superpositions: Laruelle and the Humanities. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield International, 2017. Ebook.

Galloway, Alexander R. Laruelle against the Digital. London: University of Minnesota Press, 2014.

Guibert, Gaëll. Félix Ravaisson: d'une philosophie première à la philosophie de la révélation de Schelling. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2007.

Kolozova, Katerina. Cut of the Real: Subjectivity in Poststructuralist Philosophy. New York: Co-lumbia University Press, 2014.

Kolozova, Katerina. Toward a Radical Metaphysics of Socialism: Marx and Laruelle. Brooklyn: Punctum Books, 2015.

Laruelle, François. Anti-Badiou: sur l'introduction du maoïsme dans la philosophie. Paris: Éditions Kimé, 2011.

Laruelle, François. Christo-fiction. Paris: Fayard, 2014.

Laruelle, François. En tant qu'un: la non-philosophie expliquée aux philosophes. Paris: Aubier Mon-taigne, 1991.

Laruelle, François. Éthique de l'Étranger. Du crime contre l'humanité. Paris: Éditions Kimé, 2000.

Laruelle, François. L'ultime honneur des intellectuels. Paris: Textuel, 2003.

Laruelle, François. Introduction au non-marxisme. Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 2000.

Laruelle, François. Introduction aux sciences génériques. Paris: Pétra, 2008.

Laruelle, François. La Lutte et l'utopie à la fin des temps philosophiques. Paris: Éditions Kimé, 2004.

Laruelle, François. Le Christ futur, une leçon d'hérésie. Paris: Exils, 2002.

Laruelle, François. Mystique non-philosophique à l'usage des contemporains. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2007.

Laruelle, François. Non-Photographie—Photo-Fiction. Paris: Merve, 2014.

Laruelle, François. Phénomène et différence: essai sur l'ontologie de Ravaisson. Paris: Éditions Klincksieck, 1971.

Laruelle, François. Philosophie et non-philosophie. Mardaga: Liege Pierre, 1989.

Laruelle, François. Philosophie non-standard: générique, quantique, philo-fiction. Paris: Kimé, 2010.

Laruelle, François. Principes de la non-photographie. Paris: PUF, 1996.

Laruelle, François. Théorie générale des victimes. Paris: Mille et une nuits, 2012.

Laruelle, François. Théorie des identités: fractalité généralisée et philosophie artificielle. Paris: PUF, 1992.

Laruelle, François. Une biographie de l'homme ordinaire: des autorités et des minorités. Paris: Édi-tions Aubier Montagne, 1985.

Moulinier, Didier. De la psychanalyse à la non-philosophie. Paris: Éditions Kimé, 1999.

Ravaisson, Félix. Essai de la métaphysique d'Aristote tome 1. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlags-buchhandlung, 1963.

Ravaisson, Félix. Essai de la métaphysique d'Aristote tome 2. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlags-buchhandlung, 1963.

Ravaisson, Félix. La philosophie en France au xixe siecle. Paris: Librairie Hachette, 1885.

Ravaisson, Félix. Ravaisson: Selected Essays. Ed. Mark Sinclair. London: Bloomsbury, 2016. Ebook.

Schelling, F.W.J. On the History of Modern Philosophy. Trans. Andrew Bowie. Melbourne: Cam-bridge University Press, 1994.

Schelling, F.W.J. Philosophy and Religion. Trans. Klaus Ottmann. New York: Spring Publications, 2010.

Schelling, F.W.J. System of Transcendental Idealism. Trans. Peter Heath. Charlottesville: University of Virginia, 2001.

Schelling, F.W.J. The Ages of the World. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000. Print.

Schelling, F.W.J. The Unconditional in Human Knowledge. Trans. Fritz Marti. London: Associated University Presses, 1980.

Smith, Anthony Paul. A Non-Philosophical Theory of Nature: Ecologies of Thought. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2013.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Vincent Le

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

PRINTED ISSN: 2410-4817

ONLINE ISSN: 1561-8927

Creative Commons License

The online edition of Labyrinth is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Published with the suppport of the Cultural Department of the City of Vienna 

Referat Wissenschafts- und Forschungsförderung der Kulturabteilung (MA 7) der Stadt Wien