Labyrinth 2021-12-29T11:06:47-05:00 Prof. Dr. Yvanka B. Raynova Open Journal Systems <p><em>Labyrinth: An International Journal for Philosophy, Value Theory and Sociocultural Hermeneutics</em> is published since 1999 by the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute for Axiological Research / Institut für Axiologische Forschungen</a> (Vienna). From 1999 till 2002 it was an on-line journal, thereafter it was published in printed volumes. It is actually both, a <em>printed academic journal</em>, available for purchase, and a <em>Platinum Open Access journal. </em>It is published twice a year, in late Summer and in December. </p> <p>As a nonpartisan philosophical and interdisciplinary journal <em>Labyrinth</em> is engaged in publication of high-quality peer-reviewed academic articles, critical essays, interviews and book reviews. The Title of the Journal was choosen not just to indicate the research topics of interest, but inindicates the deep interconenection between Philosophy/Theory of Values and Sociocultural Hermeneutics. Although it is focused on philosophy and on axiology, i.e. on the philosophy and theory of values and their sociocultural contexts, it is also open to related issues in all fields of the humanities and the social sciences with a special emphasis on critical thinking, social controversies and conflict resolution, interfaith dialogue, intercultural and cross-cultural communication, gender studies and managing diversity. </p> Gegenwärtige Aufgaben einer philosophischen Theorie kriegerischer Gewalt. Exposé zum Diskussionsschwerpunkt 2021-12-29T02:31:33-05:00 Burkhard Liebsch <p>German Editorial to the Special Issue on <em>Philosophical Theories of War: Contemporary Challenges and Discussions </em>presenting an overview of the latest state of the debate.&nbsp;</p> 2021-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Contemporary Challenges for a Philosophical Theory of War. An Exposé 2021-12-29T02:59:42-05:00 Burkhard Liebsch Michael Staudigl <p>English Editorial of the special Issue on <em>Philosophical Theories of War: Contemporary Challenges and Discussions</em> giving an overview of the latest state of the debate. </p> 2021-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Rivalität, Affekt, Interesse. Ansatzpunkte einer materialistischen Kriegstheorie 2021-12-29T03:24:52-05:00 Christopher Pollmann <p><em>In debate with Bernhard H. F. Taureck, Burkhard Liebsch and other authors, we try to develop a materialistic theory of war. Central to this are the rivalries between sovereign states, which have extended and become more complex in the course of globalization. Both political-economic and symbolic-emotional interests are bundled in them. The competition between states, only partially curbed by supranational authorities, also reflects in so-called international law. In contrast to the domestic legal system, this has indeed only limited legal character, as Thucydides’ famous Melian dialogue shows.</em></p> 2021-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Krieg oder Frieden. Auf der Suche nach einem Tertium Datur 2021-12-29T03:38:59-05:00 Bernhard Taureck <p><em>There is a consensus on war: violent conflicts are out. But they continue to happen. One likes to exclude violent conflicts and to avoid them. But they could happen. Avoidance of wars appears not be sufficient. International relations presuppose an international anarchy. Anarchy does not exclude wars, but reduces them to exceptions. The present essay attempts to argue in favour of a categorical exclusion of violent conflicts which easily could destroy vital conditions of human survival.</em></p> 2021-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Im "Labyrinth der Legitimitäten" und Ethosanalyse. Carl Schmitt und Herfried Münkler über die neuen Kriege und Krieger 2021-12-29T03:49:39-05:00 Reinhard Mehring <p><strong>In the "Labyrinth of Legitimacy" and Ethos Analysis. Carl Schmitt and Herfried Münkler on the New Wars and New Warriors</strong></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em><em>The article analyzes Münkler's continuation of Carl Schmitt's late work on international law in the book </em>Kriegssplitter<em> and emphasizes its divergent ethical approach.</em></p> 2021-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 A Short Prolegomena to the Philosophy of War, in Four Problems 2021-12-29T09:57:45-05:00 James Dodd <p>Is something like a true "philosophy of war"—understood as a coherent system of ideas, or a clearly articulated theoretical posture adequate to fully addressing the enduring chal-lenges of war on a properly philosophical register—at all possible? What follows is an attempt to outline, in four problems, the parameters of any future critique of a philosophy of war: the problem of <em>categories</em>, the problem of <em>representation</em>, the problem of <em>violence</em>, and finally the problem of <em>peace</em>. It is argued that within each horizon delimited by these four problems philosophy encounters a potential limit, one that raises fundamental doubts regarding the cogency of any philosophy of war considered as a systematic enterprise.</p> 2021-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 War-like Violence: Violating the Ontological Contract 2021-12-29T10:07:45-05:00 Debra Bergoffen <p>Examining the continuities and differences between war and war-like violence, focusing on the war like violence of racism and rape through the lens of Sartre’s ontology of “The Look”, Merleau-Ponty’s concept of a body schema, and Beauvoir’s analysis of women as “the sex”, I argue that war-like violence deploys the affect perceptions of shame, degrada-tion, humiliation and disgust to violate the ontological contract of intersubjectivity and mutual vulnerability.</p> 2021-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 What Is 'Victory' in the Orthodox Christian Ethics of War? 2021-12-29T10:12:42-05:00 Petar Bojanić <p>The text reconstructs the protocol of 'victory' as part of the interruption of enmity and establishment of temporary peace. Different understandings of the enemy and enmity imply that victory in war and cessation of conflict can essentially determine the way war is conducted, and that they follow rules of war. Victory is supposed to be a crucial moment that characterizes the ethics of war. Particular testimonies and thematizations of victory in the Orthodox Christian tradition can provide an intro-duction into a potential ethics of war that could ensure a new relationship towards the enemy and killing the enemy.</p> 2021-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Kriege und fatale Illusionen der Besiegbarkeit als Bedrohung. Metatheoretische Beobachtungen und Desiderate gegenwärtiger Philosophie kriegerischer Gewalt 2021-12-29T10:22:31-05:00 Burkhard Liebsch <p><strong>Wars and Fatal Illusions of Defeatability as a Threat. Metatheoretical Observations and Desiderata of a Contemporary Philosophy of Martial Violence</strong></p> <p>This essay deals with the question how war threatens us even when peace seems to reign. Refering to Heraklit, Kant, and recent theories of war, the author takes answers to this question into account especially with respect to the problem if it is possible to keep in check illusions which make us believe that one can get rid of enmity by way of 'final solutions'.</p> 2021-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021