Labyrinth <p><em>Labyrinth: An International Journal for Philosophy, Value Theory and Sociocultural Hermeneutics</em> is published since 1999 by the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute for Axiological Research / Institut für Axiologische Forschungen</a> (Vienna). From 1999 till 2002 it was an on-line journal, thereafter it was published in printed volumes. It is actually both, a <em>printed academic journal</em>, available for purchase, and a <em>Platinum Open Access journal. </em>It is published twice a year, in late Summer and in December. </p> <p>As a nonpartisan philosophical and interdisciplinary journal <em>Labyrinth</em> is engaged in publication of high-quality peer-reviewed academic articles, critical essays, interviews and book reviews. The Title of the Journal was choosen not just to indicate the research topics of interest, but inindicates the deep interconenection between Philosophy/Theory of Values and Sociocultural Hermeneutics. Although it is focused on philosophy and on axiology, i.e. on the philosophy and theory of values and their sociocultural contexts, it is also open to related issues in all fields of the humanities and the social sciences with a special emphasis on critical thinking, social controversies and conflict resolution, interfaith dialogue, intercultural and cross-cultural communication, gender studies and managing diversity. </p> Axia Academic Publishers en-US Labyrinth 2410-4817 <p>After acceptation of the paper, the author has to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement granting to <em>Labyrinth</em> and Axia Academic Publishers the exclusive copyrights for the online and printed editions, and to deal with reprint requests from third parties. On special occasions, articles and studies published in <em>Labyrinth</em> may be republished in textbooks or collective works of Axia Academic Publishers as well as translated and published in other languages. By submitting a paper to <em>Labyrinth</em>, you implicitely agree with these conditions. </p> <p> </p> Gegenwärtige Aufgaben einer philosophischen Theorie kriegerischer Gewalt. Exposé zum Diskussionsschwerpunkt <p>German Editorial to the Special Issue on <em>Philosophical Theories of War: Contemporary Challenges and Discussions </em>presenting an overview of the latest state of the debate.&nbsp;</p> Burkhard Liebsch Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 23 2 5 16 10.25180/lj.v23i2.262 Contemporary Challenges for a Philosophical Theory of War. An Exposé <p>English Editorial of the special Issue on <em>Philosophical Theories of War: Contemporary Challenges and Discussions</em> giving an overview of the latest state of the debate. </p> Burkhard Liebsch Michael Staudigl Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 23 2 17 25 10.25180/lj.v23i2.263 Rivalität, Affekt, Interesse. Ansatzpunkte einer materialistischen Kriegstheorie <p><em>In debate with Bernhard H. F. Taureck, Burkhard Liebsch and other authors, we try to develop a materialistic theory of war. Central to this are the rivalries between sovereign states, which have extended and become more complex in the course of globalization. Both political-economic and symbolic-emotional interests are bundled in them. The competition between states, only partially curbed by supranational authorities, also reflects in so-called international law. In contrast to the domestic legal system, this has indeed only limited legal character, as Thucydides’ famous Melian dialogue shows.</em></p> Christopher Pollmann Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 23 2 26 61 10.25180/lj.v23i2.264 Krieg oder Frieden. Auf der Suche nach einem Tertium Datur <p><em>There is a consensus on war: violent conflicts are out. But they continue to happen. One likes to exclude violent conflicts and to avoid them. But they could happen. Avoidance of wars appears not be sufficient. International relations presuppose an international anarchy. Anarchy does not exclude wars, but reduces them to exceptions. The present essay attempts to argue in favour of a categorical exclusion of violent conflicts which easily could destroy vital conditions of human survival.</em></p> Bernhard Taureck Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 23 2 62 78 10.25180/lj.v23i2.265 Im "Labyrinth der Legitimitäten" und Ethosanalyse. Carl Schmitt und Herfried Münkler über die neuen Kriege und Krieger <p><strong>In the "Labyrinth of Legitimacy" and Ethos Analysis. Carl Schmitt and Herfried Münkler on the New Wars and New Warriors</strong></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em><em>The article analyzes Münkler's continuation of Carl Schmitt's late work on international law in the book </em>Kriegssplitter<em> and emphasizes its divergent ethical approach.</em></p> Reinhard Mehring Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 23 2 79 98 10.25180/lj.v23i2.266 A Short Prolegomena to the Philosophy of War, in Four Problems <p>Is something like a true "philosophy of war"—understood as a coherent system of ideas, or a clearly articulated theoretical posture adequate to fully addressing the enduring chal-lenges of war on a properly philosophical register—at all possible? What follows is an attempt to outline, in four problems, the parameters of any future critique of a philosophy of war: the problem of <em>categories</em>, the problem of <em>representation</em>, the problem of <em>violence</em>, and finally the problem of <em>peace</em>. It is argued that within each horizon delimited by these four problems philosophy encounters a potential limit, one that raises fundamental doubts regarding the cogency of any philosophy of war considered as a systematic enterprise.</p> James Dodd Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 23 2 99 116 10.25180/lj.v23i2.267 War-like Violence: Violating the Ontological Contract <p>Examining the continuities and differences between war and war-like violence, focusing on the war like violence of racism and rape through the lens of Sartre’s ontology of “The Look”, Merleau-Ponty’s concept of a body schema, and Beauvoir’s analysis of women as “the sex”, I argue that war-like violence deploys the affect perceptions of shame, degrada-tion, humiliation and disgust to violate the ontological contract of intersubjectivity and mutual vulnerability.</p> Debra Bergoffen Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 23 2 117 129 10.25180/lj.v23i2.268 What Is 'Victory' in the Orthodox Christian Ethics of War? <p>The text reconstructs the protocol of 'victory' as part of the interruption of enmity and establishment of temporary peace. Different understandings of the enemy and enmity imply that victory in war and cessation of conflict can essentially determine the way war is conducted, and that they follow rules of war. Victory is supposed to be a crucial moment that characterizes the ethics of war. Particular testimonies and thematizations of victory in the Orthodox Christian tradition can provide an intro-duction into a potential ethics of war that could ensure a new relationship towards the enemy and killing the enemy.</p> Petar Bojanić Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 23 2 130 144 10.25180/lj.v23i2.269 Kriege und fatale Illusionen der Besiegbarkeit als Bedrohung. Metatheoretische Beobachtungen und Desiderate gegenwärtiger Philosophie kriegerischer Gewalt <p><strong>Wars and Fatal Illusions of Defeatability as a Threat. Metatheoretical Observations and Desiderata of a Contemporary Philosophy of Martial Violence</strong></p> <p>This essay deals with the question how war threatens us even when peace seems to reign. Refering to Heraklit, Kant, and recent theories of war, the author takes answers to this question into account especially with respect to the problem if it is possible to keep in check illusions which make us believe that one can get rid of enmity by way of 'final solutions'.</p> Burkhard Liebsch Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 23 2 145 175 10.25180/lj.v23i2.270