According to the English Oxford Dictionary the word plagiarism originates "from Latin plagiarius 'kidnapper' (from plagium 'a kidnapping', from Greek plagion) +-ism." It defines it as "the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own".
2. Forms of Plagiarism
The different forms of plagiarism, as detected by a study by iThenticate, are:
- Replication: Submitting a paper to multiple publications in an attempt to get it published more than once.
- Duplication: Re-using work from one's own previous studies and papers without attribution.
- Secondary source: Using a secondary source, but only citing the primary sources contained within the secondary one.
- Misleading attribution: Removing an author’s name, despite significant contributions; an inaccurate or insufficient list of authors who contributed to a manuscript.
- Invalid source: Referencing either an incorrect or not existent source.
- Paraphrasing: Taking the words of another and using them alongside original text without attribution.
- Repetitive research: Repeating data or text from a similar study with a similar methodology in a new study without proper attribution.
- Unethical collaboration: Accidental or intentional use of each other’s work without proper attribution; when people who are working together violate a code of conduct.
- Verbatim: Copying of another’s words and works without providing proper attribution, indentation or quotation marks.
- Complete: Taking a manuscript from another researcher and resubmitting it under one’s own name.
3. Anti-Plagiarism Policy
Labyrinth has very strong anti-plagiarism policy that does not allow any plagiarism of others ideas, discoveries, data, and/or work, nor self-plagiarism, text recycling or duplicate publication. All submitted articles have to pass through an initial screening and will be checked through a plagiarism detection software. In addition, the reviewers should instantly inform the editors if they suspect or discover any form of plagiarism.
Any quotations, paraphrases or reproductions of charts should acknowledge the original source(s). Republication of a published conference paper is acceptable if at least 1/3 of the content is new, a permission is given from the original copyright owner, and the previous publication has to be properly acknowledged.
In order to prevent plagiarism, our Editors use Crossref's Similarity Check service powered by iThenticate.