War-like Violence: Violating the Ontological Contract
Keywords:racism, rape, vulnerability, affect-perceptions, body
Examining the continuities and differences between war and war-like violence, focusing on the war like violence of racism and rape through the lens of Sartre’s ontology of “The Look”, Merleau-Ponty’s concept of a body schema, and Beauvoir’s analysis of women as “the sex”, I argue that war-like violence deploys the affect perceptions of shame, degrada-tion, humiliation and disgust to violate the ontological contract of intersubjectivity and mutual vulnerability.
F. Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks, transl. V. C. Lam Markmann, New York 1967.
L. M. Alcoff, Rape and Resistance, Medford, 2018.
S. Brison, Aftermath: The Making and Remaking of a Self, Princeton 2003.
S. Brownmiller, Against Our Will: Men, Women and Rape, New York 1996.
L. Du Toit, A Philosophical Investigation of Rape: The Making and Unmaking of the Feminine Self, New York, 2009.
S. Griffin, Rape: The Politics of Consciousness, New York 1979.
M. Shaw, War and Genocide, Cambridge: Polity Press 2003.
J.-P. Sartre, Being and Nothingness: A Phenomenological Essay on Ontology, H. E. Barnes, transl., New York 1956.
D. Bergoffen, "The Flight from Vulnerability", in: Dem Erleben auf der Spur: Feminismus und die Philosophie des Leibes, ed. H. Landweer, & I. Marcinski, Bielefeld 2016, 137–152.
M. Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology of Perception, London 2012.
A. Murphy, H. Landweer, I. Marcinski, "Feminism and Race Theory", in: Merleau-Ponty: Key Concepts, eds. R. Diprose and J. Rey¬nolds New York 2014, 197–206.
D. E. H. Russell, N. Van de Ved, eds. The Proceedings of the International Tribunal on Crimes Against Women, East Palo Alto 1976.
S. de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, transl. C. Borde and S. Malovany-Chevallier, New York 2010.
D. Bergoffen, "Why Rape? Lessons from The Second Sex", in: A Companion to Simone de Beauvoir, ed. L. Hengehold, & N. Bauer, New Jersey 2017, 311–324.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
After acceptation of the paper, the author has to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement granting to Labyrinth and Axia Academic Publishers the exclusive copyrights for the online and printed editions, and to deal with reprint requests from third parties. On special occasions, articles and studies published in Labyrinth may be republished in textbooks or collective works of Axia Academic Publishers as well as translated and published in other languages. By submitting a paper to Labyrinth, you implicitely agree with these conditions.