War-like Violence: Violating the Ontological Contract


  • Debra Bergoffen George Mason University




racism, rape, vulnerability, affect-perceptions, body


Examining the continuities and differences between war and war-like violence, focusing on the war like violence of racism and rape through the lens of Sartre’s ontology of “The Look”, Merleau-Ponty’s concept of a body schema, and Beauvoir’s analysis of women as “the sex”, I argue that war-like violence deploys the affect perceptions of shame, degrada-tion, humiliation and disgust to violate the ontological contract of intersubjectivity and mutual vulnerability.


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How to Cite

Bergoffen, D. (2021). War-like Violence: Violating the Ontological Contract. Labyrinth, 23(2), 117–129. https://doi.org/10.25180/lj.v23i2.268



Philosophical Theories of War: Contemporary Challenges and Discussions