Thinking from Justification Towards a New Perspective – in and with Martin Luther

Andrea Vestrucci

Abstract


In this article I present a new perspective on the theological concept of justification, by focusing not on the content (the meaning) but on the form (the condition of formulation) of this concept. I start with the semantic overabundance related to justification, with specific reference three meanings: the forensic, the effective, and the ontological-theotic. Then, I confront these meanings with Luther's idea of justification as in his De servo arbitrio (1525). Thanks to this, I stress that the theological concept of justification plays a meta-conceptual function: it affirms the priority of divine justification over any standard condition of conceptualization and thinkability of justification – in specific, the structure of imputative justice. This leads to a reconsideration of the role of this concept as "articulus stantis et cadentis ecclesiæ".


Keywords


Justification, Martin Luther, Theology, Forensic Justification, Effective Justification

Full Text:

PDF

References


Askani, Hans-Christoph. "Rechtfertigung und Gabe", Ökumenische Rundschau 60, vol., Nr. 2, 2011: 139-154.

Bielfeldt, Dennis. "Martin Luther and Ontology", Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Ox-ford, New York, 2016, DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780199340378.013.351

Erasmus, Desiderius. De libero arbitrio diatribé sive collatio per Desiderium Erasmum Rotero-damum. Argentorati [Strasbourg]: Johannes Knoblvchvs, 1524.

Goethe, Johann Wilhelm von. Maximen und Reflexionen. Leipzieg: Dichterich, 1953.

Gogarten, Friedrich. Luthers Theologie. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1967.

Gregesen, Niels H. "Ten theses on the future of Lutheran theology", in idem. The gift of grace, Minneapolis: Fortress, 2005: 1-16

Hare, Richard Mervin. The language of morals, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999.

Härle, Wilfried. "Analytische und synthetische Urteile in der Rechfertigungslehre", Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie, No. 16, 1974: 2-34.

Jüngel, Eberhard. " … unum aliquid assecutus, omnia assecutus … Zum Verständnis des Verste-hens – nach M. Luther, De servo arbitrio (WA 18, 605)", in idem. Ganz werden, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. 2003, 54-75

Jüngel, Eberhard. Il vangelo della giustificazione del peccatore, come centro della fede cristiana. Uno studio teologico in prospettiva ermeneutica, it. tr. from the German third edition by C. Danna, Brescia: Queriniana, 2005.

Kant, Immanuel. Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft, Akademie-Textausgabe Bd. VI, Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1907.

Loewenich, Walther von. Luthers Theologia Crucis, Bielefeld: Luther-Verlag, 1967.

Luther, Martin. "De servo arbitrio (1525)", in Weimarer Ausgabe (WA), Bd. XVIII, Weimar: Hermann Böhlaus Nachfolger, 1908, 531-540.

Luther, Martin. Briefwechsel 1537-1539, in Martin Luthers Briefwechsel (WABr), Bd. VIII, Weimar: Hermann Böhlaus Nachfolger, 1938.

Mannermaa, Tuomo. "Why is Luther so fascinating? Modern Finnish Luther research", in Carl E. Braaten, Robert W. Jenson (eds.), Union with Christ. The new Finnish interpretation of Luther, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998a, 1-20.

Mannermaa, Tuomo. "Justification and Theosis in Lutheran-Ortodox perspective", in Carl E. Braaten, Robert W. Jenson (eds.), Union with Christ. The new Finnish interpretation of Luther, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998b, 25-41

Mannermaa, Tuomo. Christ present in faith. Luther's view on justification, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2005.

McGrath, Alister E. "Forerunners of the Reformation? A critical examination of the evidence for the precursors of the Reformation doctrines of justification", Harvard Theological Review, Vol. 75, No. 2, 1982:219-242

LABYRINTH Vol. 20, No. 2, Winter 2018

McGrath, Alister E. " Der articulus justificationis als axiomatischer Grundsatz des christlichen Glaubens", Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 81, 1984:383-394

McGrath, Alister E. Justitia Dei. A history of the christian doctrine of justification, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Mogk, Rainer. Die Allgemeingültigkeitsbegründung des christlichen Glaubens. Wilhelm Her-manns Kant-Rezeption in Auseinandersetzung mit den Marburger Neukantianern, Berlin: De Gruyter, 2000.

Oakes, Kenneth. Karl Barth on theology and philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Peura, Simo. "Christ as favour and gift: the challenge of Luther's understanding of justification", in Carl E. Braaten, Robert W. Jenson (eds.), Union with Christ. The new Finnish interpretation of Luther, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998, 42-69.

Preus, Robert D. Justification as taught by post-reformation Lutheran theologists, Fort Wayne: Concordia Theological Seminary Press, 1982.

Reid, Duncan. "Luther's Finnlandisierung. A recent debate about salvation in Reformation thought", in Duncan Reid, Mark Worthing (eds.), Sin and salvation, Hindmarsh: ATF Press, 2003, 185-204

Rostagno, Sergio. Doctor Martinus. Studi sulla Riforma, Torino: Claudiana, 2015.

Saarinen, Risto. Gottes Wirken auf uns. Die transzendentale Deutung des Gegenwart-Christ-Motivs in der Lutherforschung, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1989.

Saarinen, Risto. "Finnish Luther Studies. A history and a program", in O.-P. Vainio (ed.), Engag-ing Luther. A (new) theological assessment, Eugene: Cascade, 2010, 1-26

Scott Clark, R. "Justitia imputata Christi: Alien or proper to Luther's doctrine of justification?" Concordia Theological Quarterly, Vol. 70, No. 3/4, 2006: 269-310.

Stjerna, Kirsi I. "Editor's Introduction", in Mannermaa, T. Christ present in faith. Luther's view on justification, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2005, xi-xix.

Vaino, Olli-Pekka. Justification and participation in Christ. The development of the Lutheran doctrine of justification from Luther to the Formula of Concord (1580), Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Vestrucci, Aandrea. "Cuique suum. Il problema del concetto formale di giustizia in Perelman, Kelsen, Heller", Bollettino della Società Filosofica Italiana, No. 188, 2006.

Vestrucci, Andrea. Il movimento della morale. Eric Weil e Agnes Heller, Milano: Il Filarete, 2012.

Wengert, Timothy. "Review of Justification and participation in Christ", Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 4: 2008:1305-1307.

Wüthrich, Matthias. D. (2016) "On justification and beyond – and attempt", in H.-C. Askani, C. Chalamet (eds.), The wisdom and foolishness of God. First Corinthians 1-2 in theological explorati-on, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2016, 239-259.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25180/lj.v20i2.136

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Andrea Vestrucci

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

PRINTED ISSN: 2410-4817

ONLINE ISSN: 1561-8927

Creative Commons License

The online edition of Labyrinth is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Published with the suppport of the Cultural Department of the City of Vienna 

Referat Wissenschafts- und Forschungsförderung der Kulturabteilung (MA 7) der Stadt Wien