The Experiential Self Re-Creates Itself in Others via the Enlargement of the Self’s Space-Control Ability: Dan Zahavi's Arguments for the Existence of the Self

Đỗ Kiên Trung

Abstract


The diversity and complexity of the arguments and criticisms among philosophers on the question of the actual existence of the self can be condensed into two contrasting issues: The self is an experienced phenomenon that is generalized into a concept to assign to the cognitive subject as a tool for identification, or the self has its own existence as a transcendental entity that is activated and developed through interactions between the cognitive subject and the environment. Dan Zahavi summed up the endless controversy over the formation of the self in phenomenology, existentialism, and new insights in neuroscience to conclude that the existence of the self is only meaningful when it is "the experiential self." My article will focus on two issues: firstly, the self is formed by the interaction between the subject and the object in which the object is actively engaged in the control space of the subject; secondly, the understanding of the subject’s self-perception process, through the perspective of neuroscience, is triggered by the subject seeing itself in the other person.

 


Keywords


Dan Zahavi, the experiential self, behavior psychology, mirror neuron

Full Text:

PDF

References


Banks, William P. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Consciousness, volume 2 M-Z. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Inc., 2009.

Butler, Judith. Giving an Account of Oneself. NY, USA: Fordham University Press, 2005.

Gale, Richard. The Philosophy of William James. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Universi-ty Press, 2005.

Goodman, Russell. Wittgenstein and William James. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Uni-versity Press, 2002.

Johnson, Mark. Moral Imagination. Implications of Cognitive Science for Ethics. Chi-cago, USA: The University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Kim, Jaegwon. Philosophy of Mind, second edition. USA: Westview Press, a Member of the Perseus Books Group, 2006.

Livingston, Paul. Philosophical History and the Problem of Consciousness. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Marx, Karl, 1887. Capital. A Critique of Political Economy, volume I, book One: The Process of Production of Capital (E-version). Zodiac, Kuhls, Thurrott, McDorman, Schultz, and Gimenez (transcribed), 1995-1996; Blunden and Chris Clayton (Proofed), 2008.

Maclaren, Kym. “Embodied Perceptions of Others as a Condition of Selfhood? Empiri-cal and Phenomenological Considerations”. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 15, No.8, (2008): 63-93.

McLaughlin, Brian P. and Jonathan Cohen (eds.). Contemporary Debates in Philoso-phy of Mind. MA, USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2007.

Nussbaum, Martha. Political Emotions. Why Love Matters for Justice. MA, USA: Har-vard University Press, 2013.

Piaget, Jean. The Construction of Reality in the Child. Oxon, Great Britain: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd., 1954.

Precht, Richard David. Who I am? And if so, How many? (English version, Shelly Frisch trans.). New York. USA: The Random House Publishing Group, 2011.

Rorty, Richard. Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Uni-versity Press, 1989.

Shook, John R. & Joseph Margolis. A Companion of the Pragmatism. Massachusetts, USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2009.

Siegel, Allan and Hreday N. Sapru. Essential Neuroscience, second edition. Baltimore, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a Wolters Kluwer business, 2011.

Than, Ker (2005). Scientist say everyone can read minds. Live Science. Web. 29 March 2019

Thao, Tran Duc. Investigations into the Origin of Language and

Consciousness (Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data). MA, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1984.

West, Cornel. The American Evasion of Philosophy. A Genealogy of Pragmatism. Wis-consin, USA: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1989.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig. Philosophical Investigations (G.E.M. Anscombe, trans.). Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell Ltd., 1958.

Zahavi, Dan. Self & Other. Exploring Subjectivity, Empathy, and Shame. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2014.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25180/lj.v21i1.174

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Labyrinth

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

PRINTED ISSN: 2410-4817

ONLINE ISSN: 1561-8927

Creative Commons License

The online edition of Labyrinth is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Published with the suppport of the Cultural Department of the City of Vienna 

Referat Wissenschafts- und Forschungsförderung der Kulturabteilung (MA 7) der Stadt Wien