Figurative art in Bulgaria from the 1920s and 1930s: The School of Kyustedil, Kiril Tsonev and Boris Elisayeff

Galina Dekova

Abstract


The aim of this paper is to present those realistic tendencies in Bulgarian painting from the 1920s and 1930s, that echoe contemporary West European ones, like the New Objectivity in Germany. Among others, it will be shown how Bulgarian artist’s paintings are inspired by the folklore primitive from the past and reflect the assiduity of cultural administration to renew the idea of a modern artistic school of art with a defined national character.     

Keywords


Boris Elisayeff, modern painting, realism, folklore, national tradition

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ball, Susan. Ozenfant and Purism. The Evolution of a Style 1915-1930. Michigan: UMI Research Press, 1981.

Bichev, Milko. "Izkustvo i nazia. Publicni raziskvania, sastoyali se v Darjavnia univer-sitet" (Art and nation. Public discussions, held in the State University). Jivo slovo, No. 4, (1936): 3-6.

Breton, Andre. Dva manifesta na syurrealisma (Two manifests of Surrealism). Sofia: Lik, 2000.

Coutts-Smith, Kenneth. "Some general observations on the problem of cultural coloni-alism." In: Susan Hiller (ed.). The Myth of Primitivism. Perspectives on Art. London, New York: Routledge, 1991, 14-32.

Dimitrova, Tatjana. "Novite v "Kormilo" (The Society of the New Artists and the Kor-mio newspaper). Izkustvo, No. 8 (1988): 40-46.

Elisayeff, Boris. "Bencho Obreshkov. Po slucay izlojbata mu" (Bencho Obreshkov. On occasion of his exhibition) Novi dni, No. 41 (1934): 4.

Elisayeff, Boris. "Letter to his brother Kiril Eliseev from 5.11.1934". Unpublished Man-uscript, Courtesy of Mila Eliseeva.

Elisayeff, Boris. "Identification form for the Archive of the Bulgarian National Gal-lery", Unpublished Manuscript, Courtesy of Mila Eliseeva.

Filov, Bogdan. "Izkustvo i nazia. Publichni raziskvania, sastoyali se v Darjavnia uni-versitet" (Art and nation. Public discussions, held in the State University). Jivo slovo, No. 4, (1936): 5-7.

Ivanova-Tsotsova, Blagovesta. "Vazrojdenskite hudojnitsi sled Osvobojdenieto i tyahnoto myasto v novia hudojestven jivot" (Bulgarian painters from the Revival and their time in the new artistic life"). in: National Gallery (ed.). Formirane na novoto balgar-sko izkustvo. Problemi i tendenzii (The Genesis of new Bulgarian Art. Problems and tendencies). Sofia: National Gallery, 1990, 23-41.

Morris, Roderick Conway. "Italy's Radical Return to Order". In: New York Times. De-cember 26, 1998. Web. 20 May 2019

Folkwang Museum (Ed.): Unheimlich real. Italienische Malerei der 1920er Jahre. München: Hirmer Verlag. 2018.

Karshovski, Preslav. "Izkustvo i nazia. Publichni raziskvania, sastoyali se v Darjavnia universitet" (Art and nation. Public discussions, held in the State University). Jivo slovo, No. 4 (1936): 24-31.

Koeva, Krassimira. "From the Dream of 'Expressing the Beauty of the Cosmic Being' to … the 'Defeated Army of Cezanne and Picasso.' In: Sofia City Art Gallery (ed.). The Euro-pean Context and the New Realism in Art. Catalogue of the exhibition "New directions in our painting" Reverberations of the New Objectivity Movement in Bulgarian Art of the 1930s and 1940s". Sofia: Sofia City Art Gallery, 2019.

Konstantinov, Georgi. "S rodnia krai po sveta" (Around the world with home). In: Sasho Stoyanov (ed.). Put v izkustvoto. Vol. 2. (Path into art. Vol. 2). Sofia, 1969, 149-152.

Marinska, Ruja. 20-te godini v balgarskoto izobrazitelno iskustvo (The 20's in Bulgari-an Art). Sofia: Otvoreno obshtestvo, 1996.

Mavrodinov, Nikola. Novata balgarska jivopis (New Bulgarian Painting). Sofia: Bul-garska kniga, 1947.

Morizot, de Jacques, and Roger Pouivet (eds.). Rechnik po estetika i filosofia na iz-kustvoto (Dictionnaire d'esthétique et de philosophie de l'art). Sofia: Riva, 2012.

Obreshkov, Bencho. "Letter to Boris Elisayeff", Unpublished Manuscript, Courtesy of Mila Eliseeva.

Roehrl, Boris. World History of Realism in Visual Arts 1830-1990. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag, 2013.

Tsonev, Kiril. "Izkustvo i nazia. Publichni raziskvania, sastoyali se v Darjavnia univer-sitet" (Art and nation. Public discussions, held in the State University). Jivo slovo, No. 4 (1936): 9-11.

Tsonev, Kiril. "Modernoto izkustvo" ("Modern Art"). Chas, No. 30, (1937): 3.

Tsonev, Kiril. "Nashata jivopis v novi nasoki" (New directions in our painting). In: Sasho Stoyanov (ed.). Put v izkustvoto, tom 1 (Path into art. Vol. 1). Sofia: Bulgarski khudozhnik, 1969, 141-146

Tsonev, Kiril. "Zanayatat v iskustvoto" (Craft in painting). In: Sasho Stoyanov (ed.). Put v izkustvoto, tom 1 (Path into art. Vol. 1). Sofia: Bulgarski khudozhnik, 1969, 153-164

Tsonev, Kiril. "Izlozhbata na Georgi Popov" (Georgi Popov's exhibition). In: Sasho Stoyanov (ed.). Put v izkustvoto, tom. 1. (Path into art. Vol. 1). Sofia: Bulgarski khudozh-nik, 1969, 211-214.

Tsonev, Kiril. "Tvorchestvoto na Pencho Georgiev" (The art of Pencho Georgiev). In: Sasho Stoyanov (ed.). Put v izkustvoto, tom 1. (Path into art. Vol. 1). Sofia: Bulgarski khudozhnik, 1969, 203-207

Turchin, Valerii Stefanovich. Po labirintam avangarda (Through the labyrinths of the Avant-garde). Moskva: Izdatelstvo Moskovskovo Universiteta, 1993.

Skitnik, Sirak. "Izlojbata na Kiril Tsonev."(The Exhibition of Kiril Tsonev). Zlatorog, Vol. 14, No. 9 (1933): 444-446.

Vasiliev, Asen. "Za Kyustendilskata shkola, za Tsonata i nashata korespondentsia s nego" (The Kyustendil School, Tsonata and our korrespondence). In: Sasho Stoyanov (ed.). Put v izkustvoto. Vol. 2. (Path into art. Vol. 2). Sofia: Bulgarski khudozhnik, 1969, 153-164.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25180/lj.v21i1.176

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Labyrinth

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

PRINTED ISSN: 2410-4817

ONLINE ISSN: 1561-8927

Creative Commons License

The online edition of Labyrinth is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Published with the suppport of the Cultural Department of the City of Vienna 

Referat Wissenschafts- und Forschungsförderung der Kulturabteilung (MA 7) der Stadt Wien