Aristotle on Prohairesis

Wei Liu

Abstract


Prohairesis plays a central role in Aristotle's moral psychology. It is prohairesis that determines an action to be rational, that provides the proximate efficient or moving cause of rational action, and that better reveals one's character than the action itself. This paper will discuss (1) Aristotle's shifted emphases when speaking of prohairesis in different ethical treatises; (2) Aristotle's pursuit of the nature of prohairesis and his special argumentative strategy in dealing with prohairesis; (3) the structure, i.e., the desiderative and deliberative components of prohairesis; and will conclude with some remarks about the significance of prohairesis. 


Keywords


Aristotle, prohairesis (decision); boulēsis (wish); bouleusis (deliberation)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aristotle. [Aristotelis Eudemica Ethica] Eudemii Rhodii Ethica. Edited by Franz Susemihl. Leipzig: Teubner, 1884.

Aristotle. Ethica Nicomachea. (ed.) I. Bywater, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1894.

Aristotle. De anima. Edited by Sir David Ross. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956.

Aristotle. Politica. Edited by Sir David Ross. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1957.

Aristotle. Rhetorica. Edited by Sir David Ross. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1959.

Aristotle. Ethica Eudemia. Edited by Richard R. Walzer et al. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Aspasius. On Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics 1-4, 7-8. (ed. and trans.) David Konstan, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2006.

Barnes, Jonathan (ed.) The Complete Works of Aristotle, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Charles, David. "Aristotle's Weak Akrates: What does her Ignorance Consist in?" in Christopher Bobonich and Pierre Destrée (eds.) Akrasia in Greek Philosophy, Leiden: Brill, 2007. 193-214.

Charles, David. "Nicomachean Ethics VII.3: Varieties of Akrasia." in Carlo Natali (ed.) Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Book VII, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. 41-71.

Charles, David. "Desire in Action: Aristotle's Move." in Michael Pakaluk and Giles Pearson (eds.) Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. 75-93.

Cooper, John M. "Some Remarks on Aristotle's Moral Psychology." Southern Journal of Philosophy, vol. 27 (1988): 25-42, reprinted in John M. Cooper, Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Mor-al Psychology and Ethical Theory, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999. 237-252.

Cooper, John M. "Reason, Moral Virtue, and Moral Value," in Michael Frede and Gisela Striker (eds.) Rationality in Greek Thought, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996. 81-114; reprinted in John M. Cooper, Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999. 253-280.

Crisp, Roger (trans.) Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Dirlmeier, Franz. (trans. and comm.) Aristoteles. Nikomachische Ethik, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1956.

Dirlmeier, Franz. (trans. and comm.) Aristoteles. Eudemische Ethik, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1963.

Gauthier, René A. and Jolif, Jean Y. (trans. and comm.) Aristote: L'Éthique à Nicomaque, 2nd ed., Louvain: Publications Universitaires, 1970.

Grönroos, Gösta. "Wish, Motivation and the Human Good in Aristotle." Phronesis, vol. 60 (2015): 60-87.

Inwood, Brad and Raphael Woolf (trans.) Eudemian Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Irwin, Terence. "First Principles in Aristotle's Ethics." in P. French, T. E. Uehling, and H. K. Wettstein (eds.) Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 3: Studies in Ethical Theory, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1980. 252-272.

Irwin, Terence. (trans. & comm.) Nicomachean Ethics, 2nd ed., Indianapolis: Hackett, 1999.

Joachim, Harold H. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics: A Commentary, ed., D. A. Rees, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1951.

Kenny, Anthony. (trans.) Eudemian Ethics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Lorenz, Hendrik. "Virtue of Character in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics." Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, vol. 37 (2009): 177-212.

Mele, Alfred R. "Aristotle's Wish." Journal of the History of Philosophy, vol. 22 (1984): 139-156.

Moss, Jessica. Aristotle on the Apparent Good, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Moss, Jessica. "Was Aristotle a Humean? A Partisan Guide to the Debate," in Ronald Polansky (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. 221-241.

Müller, Jozef. "Aristotle on Actions from Lack of Control," Philosophers' Imprint, vol. 15.8 (2015): 1-35.

Müller, Jozef. "What Aristotelian Decision Cannot Be," Ancient Philosophy, vol. 36 (2016): 173-195.

Nussbaum, Martha. Aristotle's De motu animalium, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978.

Pearson, Giles. Aristotle on Desire, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Price, Anthony. Mental Conflict, London: Routledge, 1995.

Price, Anthony. "Aristotle on the Ends of Deliberation," in Michael Pakaluk and Giles Pearson (eds.) Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. 135-158.

Price, Anthony. "Choice and Action in Aristotle," Phronesis, vol. 61 (2016): 435-462.

Reeve, C. D. C. (trans.) Aristotle: Politics, Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997.

Reeve, C. D. C. (trans.) Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Indianapolis: Hackett, 2014.

Rowe, Christopher and Sarah Broadie (trans. and comm.) Nicomachean Ethics, Oxford: Oxford Uni-versity Press, 2002.

Ross, W. D. (trans.) Nicomachean Ethics, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1925.

Ross, W. D. (trans.) and Lesley Brown (rev.) Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Oxford: Oxford Univer-sity Press, 2009.

Simpson, Peter (trans. and comm.) The Eudemian Ethics of Aristotle, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2013.

Stewart, John A. Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics, 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1892.

Taylor, Christopher. (trans. and comm.) Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Books II-IV, Oxford: Claren-don Press, 2006.

Woods, Michael. (trans. and comm.) Aristotle: Eudemian Ethics Books I, II & VIII, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Wei Liu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

PRINTED ISSN: 2410-4817

ONLINE ISSN: 1561-8927

Creative Commons License

The online edition of Labyrinth is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.