Philosophy between Power and Powerlessness: A Homage to Karl Jaspers

Yvanka B. Raynova

Abstract


The aim of the following paper is to discuss Jaspers' disappointement of politics and his confession about the powerlessness of the (philosophical) Spirit, expressed at the end of his life. This confession may seem to contradict some of his earlier statements and positions. Yet, by analizing the evolution of his views about the complex relation between philosophy and politics, the autor claims that Jaspers' philosophy is an emblematic illustration of a tension, inherent in contemporary philosophy, namely that between the faith in Reason and the scepticism about its potentialities to achieve a substantial changement of human nature and society.

 


Keywords


Karl Jaspers, Existential Philosophy, Politics, Suprapolitics, Spirit, Axial Age

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aron, Raymond. "Karl Jaspers et la politique". In: Ehrlich, Leonard H. and Richard Wisser (Eds.). Karl Jaspers Today. Washington D.C.: University Press of America, 1988, 223-238.Assman, Jan. Achsenzeit Eine Archäologie der Moderne. München: C. H. Beck, 2018.

Attali, Jacques. Millenium. Winners and Losers in the Coming World Order (With a Foreword by Alvin Toffler). New York: Random House, 1991.

Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Bellah, Robert N. "What is Axial about the Axial Age?" - European Journal of Sociolo-gy Vol. 46, No. 1, 2005:69-89, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003975605000032

Bouretz, Pierre. D’un ton guerrier en philosophie: Habermas, Derrida & Co. Paris: Gal-limard, 2010.

Camus, Albert. "Ni victimes ni bourreaux". In: idem. À Combat. Éditoriaux et articles, 1944-1947. Paris: Gallimard, 631-672.

Derrida, Jacques. D'un ton apocalyptique adopté naguère en philosophie. Paris: Gali-lée, 1983.

Dufrenne, Mikel et Paul Ricœur. Karl Jaspers et la philosophie de l'existence. Paris: Seuil, 1947.

Eisenstadt, Shmuel. The Origins and Diversity of Axial Age Civilizations. New York: State Univ of New York Press, 1986.

Gadamer, Hans-Georg. "Ansprache". In: Ehrlich, Leonard H. and Richard Wisser (Eds). Karl Jaspers Today. Washington D.C.: University Press of America, 1988, 31-36.

Gerlach, Hans-Martin. Existenzphilosophie – Karl Jaspers. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1987.

Habermas, Jürgen. Nachmetaphysisches Denken II. Aufsätze und ReplikenÜbergang zu einer multikulturellen Weltgesellschaft. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2012.

Husserl, Edmund. The Crisis of the European Sciences and Transcendental Phenome-nology. Trans. by David Carr. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1970.

Harth, Dietrich (Hrsg). Karl Jaspers: Denken zwischen Wissenschaft, Politik und Philo-sophie. Stuttgart: Metzler, 1989.

Hersch, Jeanne. Karl Jaspers. Eine Einführung in sein Werk. München, 1980.

Hersch, Jeanne. "Karl Jaspers: une philosophie par-delà le nihilisme". In: Revue Interna-tionale de Philosophie, 1983, vol. 37, no. 147(4): 410-422.

Jaspers, Karl. Die geistige Situation der Zeit. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1932.

Jaspers, Karl. Rechenschaft und Ausblick. München: Piper & Co., 1951.

Jaspers. Karl Way to Wisdom. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1954. (Einführung in die Philosophie. München: Piper & Co, 1953).

Japers, Karl. "Autobiography". In: Schilpp, Paul A. (ed.). The Philosophy of Karl Jas-pers. New York: Tudor, 1957, 5-94.

Jaspers, Karl. Die Atombombe und die Zukunft des Menschen. München: Piper & Co., 1958.

Jaspers, Karl. "Wo stehen wir heute?" In: Bähr, Hans Walter (Hg.). Wo stehen wir heu-te? Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1960.

Jaspers, Karl. Wohin treibt die Bundesrepublik? München: Piper & Co., 1966.

Jaspers, Karl. "Ein Selbstportrait – A Self-Portrait". In: Ehrlich, Leonard H. and Richard Wisser (Eds). Karl Jaspers Today. Washington D.C.: University Press of America, 1988, 1-27.

Jaspers, Karl. The Question of German Guilt. New York: Fordam University Press, 2000. (Die Schuldfrage. Heidelberg: Springer, 1946.)

Jaspers, Karl. Man in the Modern Age. Transl. by Eden and Cedar Paul. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Jaspers, Karl. Korrespondenzen. Drei Bände: Psychiatrie/Medizin, Philosophie, Poli-tik/Universität. Bd. 2. Göttingen: Wallstein, 2016.

Jaspers, Karl. Kleine Schule des philosophischen Denkens. München: Piper & Co., 2018.

Kant, Immanuel. Idee zu einer allgemeinen Geschichte in weltbürgerlicher Absicht. In: idem. Sämtliche Werke in sechs Bänden, Bd. 1. Leipzig: Inselverlag, 1921.

Lacoue-Labarthe, Philippe et Jean-Luc Nancy (dir.). Les fins de l'homme. A partir du travail de J. Derrida, 1981.

Lengert, Rudolf. Philosophie der Freiheit. Karl Jaspers. Oldenburg: Holzberg, 1983.

Levi, Primo. Si c'est un homme. Trad. de Martine Schruoffeneger. Paris: Julliard, 2002.

Raynova, Ivanka. "La philosophie comme critique de la réalité: Marx contre Staline". In: STP (ed.). Critique et Différence. Tunis: Société tunisienne de philosophie, 1994.

Raynova, Yvanka. Etre et être libre: Deux 'passions' des philosophies phénoménolo-giques. Frankfurt am Main et al.: Peter Lang, 2010.

Ricœur, Paul. Gabriel Marcel et Karl Jaspers. Paris: Editions du temps présent, 1947.

Ricœur, Paul. "The relation of Jaspers' Philosophy to Religion". In: Paul A. Schilpp. The Philosophy of Karl Jaspers. New York: Tudor, 1957, 611-642.

Salamun, Kurt. Karl Jaspers. München: C.H.Beck, 1985.

Saner, Hans. "Jaspers' Idee einer kommenden Weltphilosophie". In: Ehrlich, Leonard H. and Richard Wisser [Eds]. Karl Jaspers Today. Washington D.C.: University Press of America, 1988, 75-93.

Schweitzer, Albert. Memoirs of Childhood and Youth. New York: The Macmillan Com-pany, 1949.

Schweitzer, Albert. Theologischer und philosophischer Briefwechsel 1900-1965. Werke aus dem Nachlaß. München: C.H. Beck, 2006.

Strauss, Leo. On Tyranny. New York: Macmillan, 1991.

Taylor, Charles. "What was the Axial Age?" In: Bellah, Robert N. and Hans Joas. The Axial Age and Its Consequences. Cambridge, Massachusetts; London, England: Harvard University Press, 2012, 30-46.

The Bible. King James Version. Web. http://www.o-bible.com/kjv.html

Tilliette, Xavier. Karl Jaspers. Paris: Aubier, 1960.

Wisser, Richard. Karl Jaspers – Philosophie in der Bewährung. Würzburg: Königshau-sen & Neumann, 1995.

Wisser, Richard. "Die Philosophie soll nicht abdanken". In: Ehrlich, Leonard H. and Richard Wisser [Eds]. Karl Jaspers Today. Washington D.C.: University Press of America, 1988, 49-72.

Young-Bruehl, Elisabeth. Freedom and Karl Jaspers's Philosophy. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25180/lj.v21i1.175

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Labyrinth

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

PRINTED ISSN: 2410-4817

ONLINE ISSN: 1561-8927

Creative Commons License

The online edition of Labyrinth is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Published with the suppport of the Cultural Department of the City of Vienna 

Referat Wissenschafts- und Forschungsförderung der Kulturabteilung (MA 7) der Stadt Wien